Understanding the Culture of the gangs

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UNDERSTANDING THE CULTURE OF THE GANGS
PREFACE
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A gang is a group or society of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Gangs arose in America by the middle of the nineteenth century and were a concern for city leaders from the time they appeared.

The word "gang" derives from the past participle of Old English gan, meaning "to go". It is cognate with Old Norse gangr, meaning journey. It typically means a group of people, and may have neutral, positive or negative connotations depending on usage.

People join gangs looking for respect, power, status, profit, and protection. They see themselves as revolutionaries.
CRIMINAL STREET GANGS
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Any ongoing organisation, association, or group of 5 or more people is a criminal street gang which usually takes a part of one of the following crimes:
- Assault or Battery
- Assault or Battery w/ a deadly weapon
- Robbery
- Trafficking in illegal drugs
- Arson
- Vehicle Theft
- Rape
- Extraction
- Trafficking in firearms
- Armed Robbery
- and other crimes.
PROFILE OF GANG MEMBERS
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Age: 12-40
Gender: Typically (Male) but in some cases females are being associates in carrying weapons/ drugs, providing safe houses for contraband, prostitution, and sex sexed in.
Race: It can be anything Caucasian, Asian, Hispanic, and Afro-American. (People think the gang should have its own race and that is wrong).
RECRUITING PROCESS
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Recruiting is something important for the gangs and they always need new blood into their thing. They usually tell the people about the advantages such as respsect, family, love, belonging, and promises of money. However, some gangs decide to spit threats.

They usually recruit the teenagers because of their excitement and teenagers are easy targets.
They recruit them from school grounds, motorcycle rallies and even prison.
TYPES OF GANGS
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Street Gangs:
Street gangs are gangs formed by youths in urban areas, and are known primarily for street fighting and gang warfare. The term "street gang" is commonly used interchangeably with "youth gang", referring to neighborhood or street-based youth groups that meet "gang" criteria. Miller (1992) defines a street gang as "a self-formed association of peers, united by mutual interests, with identifiable leadership and internal organization, who act collectively or as individuals to achieve specific purposes, including the conduct of illegal activity and control of a particular territory, facility, or enterprise." Some of the well-known ones are the Black gangs like the Bloods and the Crips, also the Vice Lords and the Gangster Disciples. Other racial gangs also exist like the Trinitario, Sureños, Tiny Rascal Gang, Asian Boyz, Wa Ching, Zoe Pound, The Latin Kings, The Hammerskins, Nazi Lowriders and Blood & Honour.

Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs:
Biker gangs are motorcycle clubs who conduct illegal activities like the Hells Angels, the Pagans, the Outlaws, and the Bandidos, known as the "Big Four". The U.S. Department of Justice defines outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMG) as "organizations whose members use their motorcycle clubs as conduits for criminal enterprises". Some clubs are considered "outlaw" not necessarily because they engage in criminal activity, but because they are not sanctioned by the American Motorcyclist Association (AMA) and do not adhere to the AMA's rules. Instead the clubs have their own set of bylaws reflecting the outlaw biker culture.

Hate Gangs or Groups:
A hate group is a social group that advocates and practices hatred, hostility, or violence towards members of a race, ethnicity, nation, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation or any other designated sector of society. According to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), a hate group's "primary purpose is to promote animosity, hostility, and malice against persons belonging to a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin which differs from that of the members of the organization.

Prison Gangs:
Prison gangs are formed inside prisons and correctional facilities for mutual protection and entrancement like the Mexican Mafia and United Blood Nation. Prison gangs often have several "affiliates" or "chapters" in different state prison systems that branch out due to the movement or transfer of their members. According to criminal justice professor John Hagedorn, many of the biggest gangs from Chicago originated from prisons. From the St. Charles Illinois Youth Center originated the Conservative Vice Lords and Blackstone Rangers. Although the majority of gang leaders from Chicago are now incarcerated, most of those leaders continue to manage their gangs from within prison.
AFRO-AMERICAN GANGS
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Crips:The Crips are a gang based in the coastal regions of southern California. It was founded in Los Angeles, California, in 1969, mainly by Raymond Washington and Stanley Williams. Once a single alliance between two autonomous gangs, it is now a loosely connected network of individual "sets", often engaged in open warfare with one another. Its members traditionally wear blue clothing, a practice that has waned somewhat due to police crackdowns targeting gang members. Historically, members have been primarily of African American heritage.

Bloods: The Bloods are a primarily African-American street gang founded in Los Angeles, California. The gang is widely known for its rivalry with the Crips. It is identified by the red color worn by its members and by particular gang symbols, including distinctive hand signs.

Hoover Crips: The Hoover Criminal Gangs ( HCG) originated as an African-American street gang. They are named after a street called Hoover Street between Vermont Avenue and Figueroa Avenue in LA. The Hoovers consist of several individual street gangs under the hoovers criminal gang moniker.
HISPANIC GANGS
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Sureños: Sureños, Southern United Raza, Sur 13 or Sureños X3 are groups of loosely affiliated gangs that pay tribute to the Mexican Mafia while in U.S. state and federal correctional facilities. Many Sureño gangs have rivalries with one another, and the only time this rivalry is set aside is when they enter the prison system. Thus, fighting is common among different Sureño gangs even though they share the same common identity. Sureños have emerged as a national gang in the United States.

Norteños: Norteños meaning Northerners; (Norteñas for females) are the various, affiliated gangs that pay tribute to Nuestra Familia while in California state and federal correctional facilities. Norteños may refer to Northern California as Norte Califas. Their biggest rivals are the Sureños from Southern California. The statewide north–south dividing line between Norteños and Sureños has roughly been accepted as Bakersfield, California. The gang's membership consists primarily of Mexican Americans.

Latin Kings: The Almighty Latin King and Queen Nation (ALKQN, ALKN, or LKN) is one of the largest Hispanic and Latino street and prison gangs worldwide. The gang was founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1954.

MS-13: Mara Salvatrucha, commonly known as MS-13, is an international criminal gang that originated in Los Angeles, California, in the 1970s and 1980s. Originally, the gang was set up to protect Salvadoran immigrants from other gangs in the Los Angeles area. Over time, the gang grew into a more traditional criminal organization. MS-13 is defined by its cruelty, and its rivalry with the 18th Street gang.

18th Street gang: 18th Street, also known as Calle 18, Barrio 18, Mara 18, or simply La 18 in Central America, is a multi-ethnic (largely Central American and Mexican) transnational criminal organization that started as a street gang in Los Angeles. It is one of the largest transnational criminal gangs in Los Angeles, with 30,000 to 50,000 members between the United States, Mexico, and Central America and is also allied with the Mexican Mafia, another US-based crime organization.

EPILOGUE


Eventually, these information can be easily found on the internet but I just wanted to type them together for some reasons. Now, if you have read this guide, you are supposed to be having a good knowledge about the gangs but trust me all of these texts are nothing but a few small details about the gangs in general and you can figure out more by searching on the internet.

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